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DBC Vaccines

Epizootic Hemorrhagic Disease (EHD), Blue Tongue Virus (BTV) and other Vaccines

General Disease Information Vaccines Available FAQ's Important Contact Info Specimen Kits EHD Form

EHD/BTV General Disease Information

EHD Form   (PDF)

What are EHD and BTV?

EHD and BTV are hemorrhagic diseases caused by a virus that is transmitted by the Culicoides biting midge.  Since these diseases are transmitted by a biting midge they are considered seasonal diseases (occurring during summer months and extending into fall).  EHD was first discovered in 1955 and has continued to be a major threat to free-ranging and captive white-tailed deer.  

What are the signs and symptoms of EHD/BTV?

Since EHD and BTV are both hemorrhagic diseases, the signs and symptoms are very similar and include the following: loss of appetite, weakness (growing progressively worse), excessive salivation, rapid pulse and respiration, labored respiration, and fever. 

How do these diseases affect White-tailed deer?

EHD/BTV cause hemorrhages of all sizes that involve many organs.  The spleen, heart, liver, kidneys, lungs, and intestinal tract are the most common organs affected by the hemorrhages.  Due to the lack of oxygen associated with hemorrhagic disease, the oral mucosa will appear blue in color.  Oral lesions are commonly found with EHD/BTV. 

 
 

How do I order the vaccine or find out more information about EHD/BTV?

To order the vaccine, you must be a current DBC member.  Please contact the DBC office (866)-972-5001 and they will help you order your vaccine through your veterinarian.  If you have any other questions, contact our lead veterinarian Dr. Douglas Wagner (507) 360-9730. 

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EHD/BTV and Other Vaccines Available

EHD/BTV 9-Way-Combo Product: $7.25 per dose
Each bottle contains 50 doses
Each dose is 2 cc's
Contains: 1, 2, 6, & BTV 317, Fuso, Clost perf A, PM A, E. Coli, Truperella pyo, Bibersteinia
Each dose cost: $7.25
Each bottle is $362.50
Minimum order is 1 bottle or 50 doses

EHD & BTV 3-ONLY: $5.90 per dose
Each bottle contains 50 doses
Each dose is 2 cc's
Contains: 1, 2, 6, & BTV 317
Each bottle is $295.00
Minimum order is 1 bottle or 50 doses

Cervid Bacterin ONLY: $3.25 per dose
Each bottle contains 50 doses
Each dose is 2 cc's
Contains: Clost perf A, Past multocida, Fuso, E. Coli, Truperella pyo, Bibersteinia
Each dose cost: $3.25
Each bottle is $162.50
Minimum order is 1 bottle or 50 doses

REQUIREMENTS:

Must be a current member with the DBC
Signed DBC waiver (the waiver must be signed by DBC member and their veterinarian)

TO ORDER VACCINE:

  1. Call the DBC office (866) 972-5001 to receive the EHD Information Sheet. The office will send you the necessary documents to begin the ordering process. This completed form will reserve the number of doses of vaccine that you request - Minimum purchase – 1 bottle/50 doses. The information form may be completed by either the DBC member or their veterinarian.
  2. Agree to sign a usage agreement with a liability release to the DBC members, officers, directors, and employees. 
  3. Once the order has been placed, the DBC will work with Newport Laboratories to distribute and complete the necessary paperwork for each order. A non-adjacent herd form will have to be completed for each EHD vaccine order by the veterinarian.

In order to ensure the continuation of this EHD/BTV vaccine program, we need your help.  We need YOU to continue harvesting and submitting samples to obtain new EHD and Blue Tongue isolates.  The current isolates will eventually expire and it is critical for all deer breeders and their veterinarians to actively submit blood or spleen samples to keep this vaccine going strong. The best thing is that if you submit a sample that tests positive and the isolate is used in the production of a vaccine, you will be able to purchase that vaccine at a substantial discount.

TO COLLECT AND SHIP SAMPLES:

Spleen or blood is the preferred sample to be collected.  It is important to harvest the sample using sterile technique, and submit it to the lab as quickly as possible after an animal dies.  To locate the spleen, place the deer on its right hand side.  The spleen is located directly behind the rib cage on the upper left side of the animal.  It can appear grayish/purple on the outside, but dark red on the inside.  Using a sterile scalpel or knife, collect at least a 1"x1" piece of the spleen and place it in the sterile, plastic container included in the shipping container. Please contact the office to have kits on hand before an EHD death occurs.  Whole blood should be submitted in a purple-top EDTA treated tube. 

EHD Shipping Protocol:

  1. Place spleen in the Sterile Container with label
  2. Place container in the provided Pressure bags
  3. Include the absorbent material in the pressure bag along with the container
  4. Place frozen ice packs in the Styrofoam shipping container
  5. Styrofoam container
  6. Biological substance category B stickers need to be placed on the outside of the shipping container
  7. Include the Newport Cervidae and other Species Diagnostic Request Form
  8. *Do not freeze tissue or whole blood samples*

OVERNIGHT completed shipping containers to Newport Laboratories – 1524Prairie Drive – Worthington, MN 56187

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Frequently Asked Questions

EHD/BTV Vaccine

Which deer should be vaccinated?

All deer should be vaccinated.  Both Northern and Texas genetics have been affected by these diseases.

How often should my deer be vaccinated?

Bottle-raised fawns- vaccinate at 6, 10, and 14 weeks of age.

Doe-raised fawns- vaccinate at weaning and booster in 3-4 weeks.

Does- it's best to vaccinate twice initially.  This can be achieved in the fall when most people are handling their deer during reproductive procedures.  Administer the second dose 3-4 weeks after the first.  They can then be boostered in late winter or early spring.  This dose will boost immunity for the doe and should provide colostral immunity for the fawn.

Bucks- they can be vaccinated at anytime.  It would be easiest to vaccinate initially when antlers are being cut in the early fall.  They also need to be boostered 3-4 weeks after their initial dose.  It would also be appropriate to booster them again in the late winter or early spring.  The 2 ml dose would allow one to dart this product as well.  Obviously, the preferred method would be direct injection. 

Do I need to vaccinate my deer every year with this product?

Yes.  Every deer that has received the first two doses of this vaccine should be boostered every year.  It may be appropriate to booster more than once depending on certain risk factors i.e., high risk areas or >25% northern genetics within your herd. 

What serotypes are contained in this product?

9-Way Combo containing
EHD 1, 2, 6
BTV 317
Fuso
Clost perf A
PMA
E, Coli
Truperella pyo
Bibersteinia

EHD & BTV 3 Only containing
EHD 1, 2, 6
BTV 317

Cervid Bacterin Only containing
Fuso
Clost perf A
PMA
E, Coli
Truperella pyo
Bibersteinia

Why do I have to buy this product from a veterinarian?

The use of this product is closely regulated by the state and federal government.  You must also have a veterinary/client relationship from a veterinarian to have this product dispensed for use in your herd.

What is the shelf life of this product?

This product will expire 18 months after the isolates have been killed during the production process at Newport Labs. The first produced product will therefore have a longer expiration date. The shelf life will be the same as the expiration date as long as it is kept under stable refrigeration.

Is this product safe for pregnant deer?

Like other killed vaccine products there is very little risk with administering this product to pregnant deer.  As with any foreign substance injected into a deers' body, there is a slight risk of an allergic reaction.  Probably the biggest risk is creating a stress response late in the pregnancy secondary to handling the deer.  When adrenaline is released, it could induce spontaneous abortion. 

Will there be any benefit to administering one dose of this product?

One vaccination dose will probably not create a protective response to these diseases.  As with most vaccinations, there is usually little immune response until the second dose is administered. 

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EHD/BTV Important Contact Information

To order vaccine:

Deer Breeders Corp
210 W. Davis, Suite 106
Mesquite, TX 75149
Toll Free: (866) 972-5001
Fax: (972) 289-3103

Lead veterinarians:

Dr. Douglas Wagner
1524 Prairie Drive
Worthington, MN 56187
(800) 220-2522
Cell: (507) 360-9730
Lab Fax: (507) 372-4788
Admin Fax: (507) 372-2565

Newport Laboratories

1524 Prairie Drive
Worthington, MN 56187
(800) 220-2522
Lab Fax: (507) 372-4788
Admin Fax: (507) 372-2565

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Specimen Kits

TO COLLECT AND SHIP SAMPLES:

Spleen or blood is the preferred sample to be collected.  It is important to harvest the sample using sterile technique, and submit it to the lab as quickly as possible after an animal dies.  To locate the spleen, place the deer on its right hand side.  The spleen is located directly behind the rib cage on the upper left side of the animal.  It can appear grayish/purple on the outside, but dark red on the inside.  Using a sterile scalpel or knife, collect at least a 1"x1" piece of the spleen and place it in the sterile, plastic container included in the shipping container. Please contact the office to have kits on hand before an EHD death occurs.  Whole blood should be submitted in a purple-top EDTA treated tube. 

EHD Shipping Protocol

  1. Place spleen in the Sterile Container with label
  2. Place container in the provided Pressure bags
  3. Include the absorbent material in the pressure bag along with the container
  4. Place frozen ice packs in the Styrofoam shipping container
  5. Styrofoam container
  6. Biological substance category B stickers need to be placed on the outside of the shipping container
  7. Include the Newport Cervidae and other Species Diagnostic Request Form
  8. *Do not freeze tissue or whole blood samples*

OVERNIGHT completed shipping containers to Newport Laboratories – 1524Prairie Drive – Worthington, MN 56187

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EHD Form   (PDF)

 

 


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